ISSN 2146-8370
 

Original Research 


Fractures through a biphalangeal toe: a pitfall to avoid

Leanne L Seeger, Warren Chang, Benjamin D Levine, Benjamin Plotkin, Kambiz Motamedi.

Abstract
Background: The presence of two rather than three phalanges involving a lateral toe is a common variant. This is most often seen at the fifth toe. A fracture through the expected location of the distal interphalangeal joint can mimic a normal triphalangeal toe, leading to a delayed diagnosis.
Methods: Over a thirty-four month period, records of fractures through a fused biphalangeal joint were kept by all members of the musculoskeletal imaging section of a large university.
Results: Thirty-three patients with fractures through biphalangeal toes found on routine clinical examinations were included in the study. Demographic information, mechanism of fracture, and digit involved were recorded.
Conclusions: Fractures occurring at the level of an expected interphalangeal joint are easily overlooked. Prompt diagnosis can improve patient outcomes.

Key words: toe, fracture, biphalangeal


 
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How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Leanne L Seeger, Warren Chang, Benjamin D Levine, Benjamin Plotkin, Kambiz Motamedi. Fractures through a biphalangeal toe: a pitfall to avoid. Prog Orthop Sci. 2015; 1(1): 9-10. doi:10.5455/pos.20150519104244


Web Style

Leanne L Seeger, Warren Chang, Benjamin D Levine, Benjamin Plotkin, Kambiz Motamedi. Fractures through a biphalangeal toe: a pitfall to avoid. http://www.porthosci.com/?mno=183371 [Access: December 13, 2018]. doi:10.5455/pos.20150519104244


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Leanne L Seeger, Warren Chang, Benjamin D Levine, Benjamin Plotkin, Kambiz Motamedi. Fractures through a biphalangeal toe: a pitfall to avoid. Prog Orthop Sci. 2015; 1(1): 9-10. doi:10.5455/pos.20150519104244



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Leanne L Seeger, Warren Chang, Benjamin D Levine, Benjamin Plotkin, Kambiz Motamedi. Fractures through a biphalangeal toe: a pitfall to avoid. Prog Orthop Sci. (2015), [cited December 13, 2018]; 1(1): 9-10. doi:10.5455/pos.20150519104244



Harvard Style

Leanne L Seeger, Warren Chang, Benjamin D Levine, Benjamin Plotkin, Kambiz Motamedi (2015) Fractures through a biphalangeal toe: a pitfall to avoid. Prog Orthop Sci, 1 (1), 9-10. doi:10.5455/pos.20150519104244



Turabian Style

Leanne L Seeger, Warren Chang, Benjamin D Levine, Benjamin Plotkin, Kambiz Motamedi. 2015. Fractures through a biphalangeal toe: a pitfall to avoid. Progress in Orthopedic Science, 1 (1), 9-10. doi:10.5455/pos.20150519104244



Chicago Style

Leanne L Seeger, Warren Chang, Benjamin D Levine, Benjamin Plotkin, Kambiz Motamedi. "Fractures through a biphalangeal toe: a pitfall to avoid." Progress in Orthopedic Science 1 (2015), 9-10. doi:10.5455/pos.20150519104244



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Leanne L Seeger, Warren Chang, Benjamin D Levine, Benjamin Plotkin, Kambiz Motamedi. "Fractures through a biphalangeal toe: a pitfall to avoid." Progress in Orthopedic Science 1.1 (2015), 9-10. Print. doi:10.5455/pos.20150519104244



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Leanne L Seeger, Warren Chang, Benjamin D Levine, Benjamin Plotkin, Kambiz Motamedi (2015) Fractures through a biphalangeal toe: a pitfall to avoid. Progress in Orthopedic Science, 1 (1), 9-10. doi:10.5455/pos.20150519104244





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