ISSN 2146-8370
 

Case Report 


Large Synovial Chondroma of the Infrapatellar Fat Pad: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

Thomas I Sherman, Joseph Letzelter, James M Ryan, Joanna Shechtel, William Postma.

Abstract
Neoplasms of the infrapatellar fat pad (IFP) although rare are a potential source of anterior knee pain and swelling. Masses comprised of cartilage and/or osseous tissues within the IFP have been reported with marked inconsistency. Diagnosis is based upon radiographic, surgical, and histologic characteristics. As a result, multiple terms and variable nomenclature have been used to describe these masses. We present a case of a benign cartilage neoplasm of the IFP that was successfully treated with surgical excision and a review of case reports and series of similar masses to aid in the diagnosis and treatment of intrinsic osseous and chondral neoplasms of the IFP.

Key words: Orthopaedics; oncology; infrapatellar fat pad; chondroma; surgical excision


 
ARTICLE TOOLS
Abstract
PDF Fulltext
Print this article Print this Article
How to cite this articleHow to cite this article
Citation Tools
Related Records
 Articles by Thomas I Sherman
Articles by Joseph Letzelter
Articles by James M Ryan
Articles by Joanna Shechtel
Articles by William Postma
on Google
on Google Scholar
Article Statistics
 Viewed: 792
Downloaded: 375
Cited: 0

REFERENCES
1. Relwani J, Factor D, Khan F, Dutta A. Giant cell tumour of the patellar tendon sheath – an unusual cause of anterior knee pain: a case report. Knee. 2003; 10(2):145-148. [DOI via Crossref]   
2. Powers CM, Bolgla LA, Callaghan MJ, Collins N, Sheehan FT. Patellofemoral pain: proximal, distal, and local factors, 2nd International Research Retreat. J Orthop Sports Phys Ther. 2012;42(6):A1–54.
3. Dragoo JL, Johnson C, Mconnell J. Evaluation and treatment of diosrders of the infrapatellar fat pad. Sports Med. 2012; 42(1):51-67. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
4. Jacobson JA, Lenchik L, Ruhoy MK, Schweitzer ME, Resnick D. MR imaging of the infrapatellar fat pad of Hoffa. Radiographics. 1997;17(3):675-691. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
5. Jaffe HL. Tumors and Tumorous Conditions of the Bones and Joints. Philadelphia: Lea & Febiger; 1958:567.
6. Bombaci H, Bilgin E. Infrapatellar fat pad para-articular osteochondroma: a ten-year follow-up and review. Arch Trauma Res. 2015; 4(3): e28381.
7. Robillard G. Ossification of Infrapatellar Bursae and Fat Pad. Amer J of Surg. 1941;51:442. [DOI via Crossref]   
8. Roth P. Ossifying Chondroma Replacing the Infrapatellar Pad of Fat. Proc R Soc Med. 1944 Apr;37(6):279-280.
9. Kautz F. Capsular Osteoma of the Knee Joint. Report of Four Cases. Radiology. 1945;45(2):162 - 167.
10. Mosher JF, Kettelkamp DB, Campbell CJ. Intracapsular or paraarticular chondroma. A report of three cases. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1966;48(8):1561-1569.
11. Sarmiento A, Elkins RW. Giant intra-articular osteochondroma of the knee. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 1975;57(4):560-561.
12. Milgram JW, Dunn EJ. Para-articular chondromas and osteochondromas: a report of three cases. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1980(148):147-151.
13. Karlin CA, De Smet AA, Neff J, Lin F, Horton W, Wertzberger JJ. The variable manifestations of extraarticular synovial chondromatosis. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1981;137(4):731-735. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
14. Milgram JW, Jasty M. Case report 238: para-articular osteochondroma of the knee. Skeletal Radiol. 1983;10(2):121-125. [DOI via Crossref]   
15. Böstman O, Karaharju E, Heikkonen L, Holmström T. Extraskeletal ossifying chondroma in the knee. A case report. Acta Orthop Scand. 1985;56(1):87-89. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
16. Nuovo MA, Desai P, Shankman S, Present D. Intracapsular paraarticular chondroma of the knee. Bull Hosp Jt Dis Orthop Inst. 1990;50(2):189-195.
17. Pettrone FA, Stay EJ. Chondroma. An unusual presentation of an extraarticular soft tissue mass about the knee. Am J Sports Med. 1990;18(5):536-538. [DOI via Crossref]   
18. Krebs VE, Parker RD. Arthroscopic resection of an extrasynovial ossifying chondroma of the infrapatellar fat pad: end-stage Hoffa's disease? Arthroscopy. 1994;10(3):301-304. [DOI via Crossref]   
19. Steiner GC, Meushar N, Norman A, Present D. Intracapsular and paraarticular chondromas. Clin Orthop Relat Res. 1994(303):231-236.
20. Hagan PF, Schoenecker PL. Para-articular osteochondroma. Am J Orthop (Belle Mead NJ). 1995;24(1):65-67.
21. Allahabadia VN, Kulkarni SS, Dogra AS, Bhosale PB. Solitary synovial osteochondroma of the knee. J Postgrad Med. 1995;41(4):113-114.
22. Bendall SP, Manners BT. Intracapsular chondroma of the knee. J South Orthop Assoc. 1997;6(1):69-72.
23. Rodriguez-Peralto J, Lopez-Barea F, Gonzalez-Lopez J. Intracapsular chondroma of the knee: an unusual neoplasm. Int J Surg Pathol. 1997;5(1-2):49-53.
24. Dhillon MS, Sharma R, Vaiphei K, Nagi ON. Para-articular / extraosseous osteochondroma of the knee. The Knee. 1999;6:155-158. [DOI via Crossref]   
25. Sakai H, Tamai K, Iwamoto A, Saotome K. Para-articular chondroma and osteochondroma of the infrapatellar fat pad: a report of three cases. Int Orthop. 1999;23(2):114-117. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
26. Cohen AP, Giannoudis PV, Hinsche A, Smith RM, Matthews SJ. Post-traumatic giant intraarticular synovial osteochondroma of the knee. Injury. 2001;32(1):87-89. [DOI via Crossref]   
27. González-Lois C, García-de-la-Torre P, SantosBriz-Terrón A, Vilá J, Manrique-Chico J, Martínez-Tello J. Intracapsular and para-articular chondroma adjacent to large joints: report of three cases and review of the literature. Skeletal Radiol. 2001;30(12):672-676. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
28. Hung JY, Huang GS, H, Peng YJ, Wu SS, Chao KH, 2005. Fat pad osteochondroma of the knee. J Med Sci. 2005;25(6):315-318.
29. Maheshwari AV, Jain AK, Dhammi IK. Extraskeletal paraarticular osteochondroma of the knee--a case report and tumor overview. Knee. 2006;13(5):411-414. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
30. Oliva F, Marconi A, Fratoni S, Maffulli N. Extra-osseous osteochondroma-like soft tissue mass of the patello-femoral space. BMC Musculoskelet Disord. 2006;7:57. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
31. Samardziski M, Foteva M, Adamov A, Zafiroski G. Intracapsular and para- articular chondroma of knee: a report of four cases and review of the literature. Radiol Oncol. 2006;40(4):205-209.
32. Rizzello G, Franceschi F, Meloni MC, et al. Para-articular osteochondroma of the knee. Arthroscopy. 2007;23(8):910.e911-914.
33. Turhan E, Doral MN, Atay AO, Demirel M. A giant extrasynovial osteochondroma in the infrapatellar fat pad: end stage Hoffa's disease. Arch Orthop Trauma Surg. 2008;128(5):515-519. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
34. Carmont MR, Davies S, Gey van Pittius D, Rees R. Accelerated paraarticular osteochondroma formation within the knee: a case report. Cases J. 2008;1(1):6. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
35. Demir MK, Unlu E, Usta U. A curious mass of the anterior compartment in the knee. Br J Radiol. 2009;82(977):435-437. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
36. Singh VK, Shah G, Singh PK, Saran D. Extraskeletal ossifying chondroma in Hoffa's fat pad: an unusual cause of anterior knee pain. Singapore Med J. 2009;50(5):e189-192.
37. Ozturan KE, Yucel I, Cakici H, Guven M, Gurel K, Dervisoglu S. Patellar tendinopathy caused by a para-articular/extraskeletal osteochondroma in the lateral infrapatellar region of the knee: a case report. Cases J. 2009;2:9341. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
38. Mulcahy H, Hoch B. An extraskeletal paraarticular osteochondroma of Hoffa's fat pad. Radiology Case Reports. 2010;5(4).
39. Nouri H, Ben Hmida F, Ouertatani M, et al. Tumour-like lesions of the infrapatellar fat pad. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc. 2010;18(10):1391-1394. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
40. Veras E, Abadeer R, Khurana H, Tan D, Ayala A. Solitary synovialosteochondroma. Ann Diagn Pathol. 2010;14(2):94-99. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
41. Ogura K, Goto T, Nemoto T, Imanishi J. Para-articular osteochondroma of the infrapatellar fat pad. J Knee Surg. 2011;24(3):209-213. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
42. De Maio F, Bisicchia S, Potenza V, Caterini R, Farsetti P. Giant intraarticular extrasynovial osteochondroma of the knee: a report of two cases. Open Orthop J. 2011;5:368-371. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]    [PMC Free Fulltext]   
43. Sayum Filho J, Garms E, Teixeira de Carvalho R, Sayum J, Mitsuro Matsuda M, Cohen M. Synovial chondromatosis of the knee: case report. Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia. 2011;46(5):605-606. [DOI via Crossref]   
44. Ingabire MI, Deprez FC, Bodart A, Puttemans T. Soft tissue chondroma of Hoffa's fat pad. JBR-BTR. 2012;95(1):15-17. [DOI via Crossref]   
45. Singh R, Jain M, Siwach R, Rohilla S, Sen R, Kaur K. Large paraarticular osteochondroma of the knee joint: a case report. Acta Orthop Traumatol Turc. 2012;46(2):139-143. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
46. Sen D, Satija L, Kumar KS, Rastogi V, Sunita BS. Giant intra-articular extrasynovial osteochondroma of the Hoffa's fat pad: a case report. Medical Journal Armed Forces India. 2012:1-4.
47. Evaniew N, Bayegan D, Popovic S, Parasu N, Ghert M. Infrapatellar Fat Pad Osteochondroma: Three Cases and a Systematic Review. J Knee Surg. 2014. "Forthcoming"
48. Edeiken J, Edeiken BS, Ayala AG, Raymond AK, Murray JA, Guo SQ. Giant solitary synovial chondromatosis. Skeletal Radiol. 1994;23(1):23-29. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
49. Zlatkin MB, Lander PH, Begin LR, Hadjipavlou A. Soft-tissue chondromas. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 1985;144(6):1263-1267. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
50. Priya PJ, Valiathan MV, Rao L. Extra-Osseous Osteochondroma of the Knee. Malaysian Orthopaedic Journal. 2010;4(1):39-41. [DOI via Crossref]   
51. Kramer J, Recht M, Deely DM, et al. MR appearance of idiopathic synovial osteochondromatosis. J Comput Assist Tomogr. 1993;17(5):772-776. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
52. Bernard SA, Murphey MD, Flemming DJ, Kransdorf MJ. Improved differentiation of benign osteochondromas from secondary chondrosarcomas with standardized measurement of cartilage cap at CT and MR imaging. Radiology. 2010;255(3):857-865. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
53. Huang GS, Lee CH, Chan WP, Chen CY, Yu JS, Resnick D. Localized nodular synovitis of the knee: MR imaging appearance and clinical correlates in 21 patients. AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2003;181(2):539-543. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
54. Hughes TH, Sartoris DJ, Schweitzer ME, Resnick DL. Pigmented villonodular synovitis: MRI characteristics. Skeletal Radiol. 1995;24(1):7-12 [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   
55. O'Connell JX. Pathology of the synovium. Am J Clin Pathol. 2000;114(5):773-784. [DOI via Crossref]    [Pubmed]   

How to Cite this Article
Pubmed Style

Thomas I Sherman, Joseph Letzelter, James M Ryan, Joanna Shechtel, William Postma. Large Synovial Chondroma of the Infrapatellar Fat Pad: A Case Report and Review of the Literature. Prog Orthop Sci. 2016; 2(3): 23-29. doi:10.5455/pos.20160903124629


Web Style

Thomas I Sherman, Joseph Letzelter, James M Ryan, Joanna Shechtel, William Postma. Large Synovial Chondroma of the Infrapatellar Fat Pad: A Case Report and Review of the Literature. http://www.porthosci.com/?mno=230897 [Access: December 13, 2018]. doi:10.5455/pos.20160903124629


AMA (American Medical Association) Style

Thomas I Sherman, Joseph Letzelter, James M Ryan, Joanna Shechtel, William Postma. Large Synovial Chondroma of the Infrapatellar Fat Pad: A Case Report and Review of the Literature. Prog Orthop Sci. 2016; 2(3): 23-29. doi:10.5455/pos.20160903124629



Vancouver/ICMJE Style

Thomas I Sherman, Joseph Letzelter, James M Ryan, Joanna Shechtel, William Postma. Large Synovial Chondroma of the Infrapatellar Fat Pad: A Case Report and Review of the Literature. Prog Orthop Sci. (2016), [cited December 13, 2018]; 2(3): 23-29. doi:10.5455/pos.20160903124629



Harvard Style

Thomas I Sherman, Joseph Letzelter, James M Ryan, Joanna Shechtel, William Postma (2016) Large Synovial Chondroma of the Infrapatellar Fat Pad: A Case Report and Review of the Literature. Prog Orthop Sci, 2 (3), 23-29. doi:10.5455/pos.20160903124629



Turabian Style

Thomas I Sherman, Joseph Letzelter, James M Ryan, Joanna Shechtel, William Postma. 2016. Large Synovial Chondroma of the Infrapatellar Fat Pad: A Case Report and Review of the Literature. Progress in Orthopedic Science, 2 (3), 23-29. doi:10.5455/pos.20160903124629



Chicago Style

Thomas I Sherman, Joseph Letzelter, James M Ryan, Joanna Shechtel, William Postma. "Large Synovial Chondroma of the Infrapatellar Fat Pad: A Case Report and Review of the Literature." Progress in Orthopedic Science 2 (2016), 23-29. doi:10.5455/pos.20160903124629



MLA (The Modern Language Association) Style

Thomas I Sherman, Joseph Letzelter, James M Ryan, Joanna Shechtel, William Postma. "Large Synovial Chondroma of the Infrapatellar Fat Pad: A Case Report and Review of the Literature." Progress in Orthopedic Science 2.3 (2016), 23-29. Print. doi:10.5455/pos.20160903124629



APA (American Psychological Association) Style

Thomas I Sherman, Joseph Letzelter, James M Ryan, Joanna Shechtel, William Postma (2016) Large Synovial Chondroma of the Infrapatellar Fat Pad: A Case Report and Review of the Literature. Progress in Orthopedic Science, 2 (3), 23-29. doi:10.5455/pos.20160903124629





Most Viewed Articles
  • Conservative treatment of lateral epicondylitis: The impact of psychosocial factors on perceived treatment efficacy
    Thomas Isaac Sherman, Kayvon Reza Golshani, Kevin Emmerich, Ling Cai, Weiling Gu, Michael Kessler
    Prog Orthop Sci. 2015; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/pos.20150601113733

  • Sterno-Clavicular Joint Reconstruction Technique
    Michael Ting, Nicholas Kusnezov, John Dunn
    Prog Orthop Sci. 2015; 1(1): 24-26
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/pos.20150426105952

  • The use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for cartilage regeneration in knee osteoarthritis
    E. Carlos RODRIGUEZ-MERCHAN
    Prog Orthop Sci. 2015; 1(1): 27-30
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/pos.20150413025729

  • Fractures through a biphalangeal toe: a pitfall to avoid
    Leanne L Seeger, Warren Chang, Benjamin D Levine, Benjamin Plotkin, Kambiz Motamedi
    Prog Orthop Sci. 2015; 1(1): 9-10
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/pos.20150519104244

  • THE FUNCTIONAL MOVEMENT SCREENING TOOL DOES NOT PREDICT INJURY IN FOOTBALL
    Christopher Rusling, Kimberley L Edwards, Archan Bhattacharya, Adam Reed, Stuart Irwin, Andrew Boles, Alex Potts, Lisa Hodgson
    Prog Orthop Sci. 2015; 1(2): 41-46
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/pos.20150803113054

  • The Surgical Treatment of Patellar Subluxation in a Case of Kabuki Make-Up Syndrome
    Ismail Boyraz, Bunyamin Koc, Ozgur Aldemir, Hakan Sarman
    Prog Orthop Sci. 2015; 1(1): 31-33
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/pos.20150508050717

  • Minimally Invasive Technique for Curettage of Benign Bone Tumors using Endoscopic Technique
    Costantino Errani, Mohammadreza Chehrassan, Davide Maria Donati,Cesare Faldini.
    Prog Orthop Sci. 2015; 1(1): 15-18
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/pos.20150512040320

  • Health-related quality of life in twins with clubfoot
    Vilhelm Engell, Frank Damborg, Mikkel Andersen , Kirsten Kyvik , Karsten Thomsen , Sren Overgaard
    Prog Orthop Sci. 2015; 1(1): 11-14
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/pos.20150503010430

  • Audit of Orthopaedic trauma theatre usage : Observation from Nizwa regional referral Hospital
    DINESH DHAR
    Prog Orthop Sci. 2015; 1(1): 37-40
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/pos.20150402065140

  • "Traumatic bilateral anterior glenohumeral dislocation .Should unsupervised training at local gym be allowed?"
    Hayat Ahmad Khan, Younis Kamal, Mohammad Ashraf Khan, Naseemul Gani, Munir Farooq, Adnan Zahoor
    Prog Orthop Sci. 2015; 1(1): 34-36
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/pos.20150519104717

  • Most Downloaded
  • Muscle herniation of the extremities: Two case report
    Oktay Belhan, Tevfik Yetis, Murat Gurger, Mehmet Kaya
    Prog Orthop Sci. 2016; 2(1): 4-7
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/pos.20160226123558

  • Conservative treatment of lateral epicondylitis: The impact of psychosocial factors on perceived treatment efficacy
    Thomas Isaac Sherman, Kayvon Reza Golshani, Kevin Emmerich, Ling Cai, Weiling Gu, Michael Kessler
    Prog Orthop Sci. 2015; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/pos.20150601113733

  • THE FUNCTIONAL MOVEMENT SCREENING TOOL DOES NOT PREDICT INJURY IN FOOTBALL
    Christopher Rusling, Kimberley L Edwards, Archan Bhattacharya, Adam Reed, Stuart Irwin, Andrew Boles, Alex Potts, Lisa Hodgson
    Prog Orthop Sci. 2015; 1(2): 41-46
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/pos.20150803113054

  • The use of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) for cartilage regeneration in knee osteoarthritis
    E. Carlos RODRIGUEZ-MERCHAN
    Prog Orthop Sci. 2015; 1(1): 27-30
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/pos.20150413025729

  • TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT IN THE ACUTE MANAGEMENT OF ACETABULAR FRACTURES
    Giriraj Harshavardhan J.K., Ganesan Ram Ganesan, Jambu Nageswaran, Vijayaraghavan Phagal varthi
    Prog Orthop Sci. 2015; 1(2): 54-58
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/pos.20150920021932

  • Sterno-Clavicular Joint Reconstruction Technique
    Michael Ting, Nicholas Kusnezov, John Dunn
    Prog Orthop Sci. 2015; 1(1): 24-26
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/pos.20150426105952

  • Audit of Orthopaedic trauma theatre usage : Observation from Nizwa regional referral Hospital
    DINESH DHAR
    Prog Orthop Sci. 2015; 1(1): 37-40
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/pos.20150402065140

  • Fractures through a biphalangeal toe: a pitfall to avoid
    Leanne L Seeger, Warren Chang, Benjamin D Levine, Benjamin Plotkin, Kambiz Motamedi
    Prog Orthop Sci. 2015; 1(1): 9-10
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/pos.20150519104244

  • LIPOMA OF THE RING FINGER IN A YOUNG FEMALE: CASE REPORT AND REVIEW OF LITERATURE
    Mohit Kumar Arora,Ela Madaan
    Prog Orthop Sci. 2016; 2(4): 37-39
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/pos.20161026022814

  • The Surgical Treatment of Patellar Subluxation in a Case of Kabuki Make-Up Syndrome
    Ismail Boyraz, Bunyamin Koc, Ozgur Aldemir, Hakan Sarman
    Prog Orthop Sci. 2015; 1(1): 31-33
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/pos.20150508050717

  • Most Cited Articles
  • THE FUNCTIONAL MOVEMENT SCREENING TOOL DOES NOT PREDICT INJURY IN FOOTBALL
    Christopher Rusling, Kimberley L Edwards, Archan Bhattacharya, Adam Reed, Stuart Irwin, Andrew Boles, Alex Potts, Lisa Hodgson
    Prog Orthop Sci. 2015; 1(2): 41-46
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/pos.20150803113054
    Cited : 4 times [Click to see citing articles]

  • Sterno-Clavicular Joint Reconstruction Technique
    Michael Ting, Nicholas Kusnezov, John Dunn
    Prog Orthop Sci. 2015; 1(1): 24-26
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/pos.20150426105952
    Cited : 1 time [Click to see citing article]

  • Conservative treatment of lateral epicondylitis: The impact of psychosocial factors on perceived treatment efficacy
    Thomas Isaac Sherman, Kayvon Reza Golshani, Kevin Emmerich, Ling Cai, Weiling Gu, Michael Kessler
    Prog Orthop Sci. 2015; 1(1): 1-8
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/pos.20150601113733
    Cited : 1 time [Click to see citing article]

  • TOTAL HIP REPLACEMENT IN THE ACUTE MANAGEMENT OF ACETABULAR FRACTURES
    Giriraj Harshavardhan J.K., Ganesan Ram Ganesan, Jambu Nageswaran, Vijayaraghavan Phagal varthi
    Prog Orthop Sci. 2015; 1(2): 54-58
    » Abstract & References » doi: 10.5455/pos.20150920021932
    Cited : 1 time [Click to see citing article]

  • Periarticular Liposomal Bupivicaine Injection Decreases Length of Stay, Pain Scores, and Opioid Usage After Total Knee Arthroplasty When Compared to Femoral Nerve Block
    Xander Parisky, Brian Gilmer, Jennifer Harkins, Michael Karch
    Prog Orthop Sci. 2017; 3(1): 1-4
    » Abstract » doi: 10.5455/pos.20170131055031
    Cited : 1 time [Click to see citing article]